The definition of Earthworks:
Earthworks are engineering works created through the processing of parts of the earth’s surface involving quantities of soil or unformed rock.
Land art is also commonly knows as Earthwork, Environmental art, or Earth Art. It is an art movement that emerged from the 1960’s.
Possibly one of the most famous earthworks in the UK is the Uffington White Horse found in Oxfordshire. The prehistoric hill figure has been there for over 3,000 years. Another work that could possibly be seen as even more famous than The Uffington White Horse is Robert Smithson’s Spiral Jetty. This piece was created in April of 1970 in The Great Salt Lake near Salt Lake City. The piece was made with mechanical engineering to move sediment and basalt rock to build the sculpture. 15ft wide and coils for 1500ft near the lakes edge.
Another artist that created work in the landscape is Richard Long. The way in which Long creates his works is by using himself as the medium/tool that changes a part of the environment. His piece A Line Made By Walking focuses his impact on the environment by walking the same journey over and over again until he mis impact on the landscape is visible. Long uses systems – imposing rigid structure to his walks. This is similar to how systems art works.
More contemporary works could be seen as sculpture
Are Earthworks built to stand the test of time.